• Understanding the Differences Between Sprains and Strains

    If you play sports, you’re at a higher risk of suffering from sprains or strains, which are types of orthopedic injuries. However, those who are in poor physical condition or are overweight are also at a heightened risk. These common orthopedic conditions are often confused as being the same injury, when in fact, there are key differences. Your orthopedic doctor can help you understand the differences between sprains and strains .

    Differences Between Strains and Sprains - Able Orthopedic - NYC


    The main difference between a strain and a sprain is the type of structure they affect within the body. A strain refers to an injury of a tendon or a muscle. Tendons are the strong bands of tissue that attach muscles to bone. In contrast, a sprain affects a ligament. Ligaments are bands of tissue that connect bones to other bones. They provide stability and support for the joints within your body. When a ligament is sprained, it means that it has been stretched or torn.


    Your orthopedic doctor will evaluate all of your symptoms to aid in the diagnosis of a strain or a sprain. Strains and sprains share some of the same symptoms, such as inflammation, swelling, and pain in the area. With a strain, you might also feel muscle spasms, weakness, and cramping. If you have a moderate strain, you’ll lose some function of the muscle. If you have a severe strain, the injury may be debilitating. On the other hand, if you’ve suffered a sprain , you’ll likely feel a pop in the affected joint. Upon injury, a severe sprain results in significant pain and total loss of function. A moderate sprain results in joint instability.


    Your orthopedic doctor may recommend similar treatments for a strain and a sprain, such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation – commonly known as the RICE method. Physical rehabilitation is also generally recommended. Severe injuries may require orthopedic surgery.

    Whether you have a sprain, strain, or another type of orthopedic injury, the team at Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine is here to help. We provide comprehensive orthopedic services to get you on the road to recovery. Call (718) 690-9520 to schedule an appointment with an orthopedic doctor at our clinic in Forest Hills.

  • Knee Anatomy: Get to Know Your ACL

    Knee Anatomy: Get to Know Your ACL - Able Orthopedic - NYC

    Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are among the most common reasons for a visit to an orthopedic surgeon, especially among athletes. If you’ve suffered an ACL tear, it can be helpful to have a basic understanding of your knee anatomy. Your knee joint is formed by the intersection of three bones: the femur, tibia, and patella. The ACL and the other ligaments of the body connect one bone to another to enable stability of movement. Your knee has two collateral ligaments and two cruciate ligaments. The collateral ligaments are on either side of the knee.

    The cruciate ligaments, including the ACL, are located within the knee. The ACL crosses the posterior cruciate ligament, forming an “X” structure. The ACL is located in front of the posterior cruciate ligament, extending diagonally across the front of the knee. These cruciate ligaments are essential for the knee’s back and forth motions. Specifically, the ACL keeps the tibia, or shinbone, from moving in front of the femur, or thighbone. Additionally, this ligament gives the knee added stability with rotational movements.

    At Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine, our team of orthopedic specialists has extensive experience working with patients with knee injuries and other orthopedic problems. Residents of the NYC area can contact our Forest Hills practice at (718) 690-9520.

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  • A Patient’s Guide to Meniscus Tears

    Your knee features two menisci, which are wedge-like structures that are made of cartilage. One meniscus is located at the outer edge of the knee, while the other is at the inner edge. The purpose of the menisci is to evenly distribute weight across the knee and to serve as cushions between the thighbone and shinbone. If you’ve recently visited an orthopedic doctor because of knee pain, he or she may have diagnosed you with a torn meniscus. Although this common orthopedic injury tends to result in severe symptoms, non-surgical treatment is often effective.

    Meniscus Tears - Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine - NYC


    The symptoms of a meniscus tear vary according to the severity of the injury. With a minor meniscus tear, you’ll likely experience swelling and minor pain, which typically dissipate within a few weeks. A moderate meniscus tear results in more severe pain and swelling at the center or side of the knee. The pain may worsen if you squat or twist the knee. Without treatment from an orthopedic doctor, the symptoms may recur with overuse of the knee. If the meniscus is severely torn, pieces of it may migrate to the joint space. In addition to pain, swelling, and stiffness, you may be unable to fully straighten your knee. The knee may give way when you try to place weight on it.


    Orthopedic doctors often find that the cause of a torn meniscus is a quick twisting or turning movement of the knee, which may occur during sports activities or while lifting heavy objects. Older adults are also more susceptible to suffering a meniscus tear from everyday activities because the cartilage gradually becomes worn with age.


    For minor meniscus tears, an orthopedic doctor may recommend resting and applying ice to the area. Elevating the leg, taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and wearing a compression bandage can also help. Severe or persistent symptoms may warrant orthopedic surgery to repair the torn cartilage.

    Residents in Forest Hills and throughout the NYC area can find the orthopedic care they need at Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine . Our experienced team of orthopedic doctors and surgeons regularly treat patients with meniscus tears, ACL tears, and similar injuries. If you have any questions about an upcoming appointment, give us a call at (718) 690-9520.

  • What Is an Ankle Sprain?

    Ligaments are strong, flexible bands of tissue that connect bones at the joints. This video discusses how a sprain can damage the ligaments of the ankle.

    Orthopedic doctors frequently see patients with ankle sprains. This type of injury is common in sports, as athletes can easily roll their ankles when running, jumping, or suddenly stopping. However, an ankle sprain can happen as easily from tripping over a child’s toy or a sleeping pet. No matter the cause, a sprain can tear one or more of the ligaments that hold the bones of the ankle in place. The visible signs of a sprain include bruising and swelling. Pain is common as well.

    Do you suspect that you have an ankle sprain? Then call Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine at (718) 690-9520 to schedule an appointment with a NYC orthopedic doctor .