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A Look at the Most Common Types of Arthritis

There are dozens of different types of arthritis. Although different types of arthritis can cause varying symptoms, the most common symptoms include pain, stiffness, and difficulty with physical movement. If you experience any health issues related to your musculoskeletal system, you can see an orthopedist for an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan. Your orthopedist may diagnose you with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriatic arthritis, which are three of the most common types of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis

Within a joint, cartilage covers the ends of the bones to prevent them from rubbing against each other. If you have osteoarthritis, the cartilage gradually wears away. This can lead to symptoms such as pain with movement, a grating sound with movement, and the development of painful bone spurs. As the condition worsens, everyday activities may become difficult. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects weight-bearing joints such as the knees and hips.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Unlike osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the joints and other parts of the body. RA can lead to inflammation and joint damage. Patients with RA typically report symptoms such as pain, stiffness, and swelling in the affected joints, along with systemic symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, and fever. Additionally, RA may cause rheumatoid nodules to develop. These are lumps that typically form over joints such as the heels, elbows, and knuckles.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Some people who have psoriasis—a skin condition—may develop psoriatic arthritis. This form of arthritis involves an abnormal immune system response, which results in inflammation of the joints. Typically, patients are diagnosed with psoriasis and then later develop psoriatic arthritis. The symptoms of psoriatic arthritis can include foot pain, swollen fingers and toes, and discolored or pitted fingernails.

Have you been experiencing the symptoms of arthritis in Queens? Call (718) 897-2228 and let an orthopedist at Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine design a personalized treatment plan for you. Our orthopedist also treats sports injuries, such as ankle injuries and shoulder injuries.

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Able Orthopedic & Sports Medicine, PC
Located at
76-55 Austin Street
Forest Hills, NY 11375
Phone: (718) 897-2228
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